Master’s and Doctoral Degree in Geography
The Master’s and Doctoral Degree Program in Geography has the main objective of promoting professional education that is committed to the advancement of geographic knowledge in order to meet the needs of society and the diminishment of current inequalities. The area of concentration is “Production of Regional Space and Borders" and it aims at comprehending the South of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, the production/reproduction of the socio-spatial/socio-environmental dynamics which are complementary and contradictory, including the immemorial indigenous cosmographies, the recent and quick expansion of the sugar and alcohol sector, and the processes of economic, political, demographic and cultural expansion and occupation of the “empty spaces”, the “March to the West” and the integration between national and international markets which are strong in the state. These movements are affected by impressive productions of borders, mainly between Brazil and Paraguay, and so it overflows to regional and continental spaces, in export/import activities and migrations. This complexity binds the area of concentration together and it permeates the regional space, not as a physical space but as a process, particularizing the Borders and making them a rich field for studies.
Area of Concentration: PRODUCTION OF REGIONAL SPACE AND BORDERS
Lines of research:
● Public Policies, Production and Nature Dynamics
● Space and Social Reproduction: practices and representations
The discipline “Special Topics in Geography” (75 hours, 05 credits) is mandatory for master’s and doctoral degree students. The objective of this discipline is to offer students elements and theoretical fundamentals about concepts and categories of Geography which are present in the area of concentration and the lines of research of the Program. Thereby, it aims at discussing the concepts of space, region, territory and borders, considering the main issues in the field of Geography in the context of current production of knowledge. Also, it aims at understanding the relations between (re)production of space, region and borders, as well as issues regarding planning and production dynamics.
Syllabus: Production of Regional Space; border; social reproduction; planning and production dynamics.
The discipline of “Doctoral Seminars” is mandatory for doctoral students and its objective is to promote seminars of theoretical and methodological depth about broad, general or relative themes in the area of concentration. These seminars will be scheduled according to proposals that shall be submitted to the Coordination of the Course and they shall involve invited specialists in the field. The discipline will also include the presentation and discussion of current themes related to geographic science with emphasis on ongoing research projects and even the students’ dissertation themes.
Presentation and discussion of current themes related to geographic science with emphasis on ongoing research projects and even the students’ dissertation themes. Seminars of theoretical and methodological depth about broad, general or relative themes in the area of concentration. These seminars will be scheduled according to proposals that shall be submitted to the Coordination of the Course and they shall involve invited specialists in the field.
Economic Dynamics and Brazilian Socio-Spatial Formation
Concepts and categories for the analysis of the Brazilian territory under the perspective of the national economic development process. Power and development agreements from the nineties. Vectors of globalization. The question of South American integration and the insertion of Mato Grosso do Sul in the international economy.
Capitalist State and Development in Brazil
Conceptions about the State; Public financing patterns and capitalism in Brazil; State and development: the case of Mato Grosso do Sul.
Development, Territoriality and Socio-Environmental Problems
The historical evolution of the idea of development. Territory and the development model. The development model and the idea of crisis. The environmental crisis. The proposals for overcoming crisis: the everlasting return of the idea of development and its territorialities.
Agriculture, logistics and regional dynamics
Modernization of Brazilian agriculture: development of the agro-industrial complexes and globalized scientific agriculture. Expansion and consolidation of modern agricultural borders. Regional dynamics in areas of the Great Cerrado of Central Brazil: natural regions, traditional regions, planning regions, competitive regions. Production spatial circuits and agro-industrial logistics in areas of expansion and consolidation of modern agricultural borders: Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia.
State and Public Policies
Diversity and complexity of the conceptions of State and public policies, with emphasis on the historical, political and geographic context. Evidences about the geopolitical aspect in the genesis of public policies. Protagonism of the state in territorial occupation. Repercussions of the conceptions of State, their results on the configuration of public policies and the geopolitical consequences. Approximation between the analysis and evaluation tools for public policies and the instrumental collection for geographic studies.
Science, Geography and Analysis of Environmental Systems
Scientific paradigms. Geography in contemporary world. The systemic conception: history and evolution. The systemic analysis of Geography. The use of the systemic conception in Geography. From geosystems to environmental analysis. The use of models of analysis: modelling environmental systems and geotechnologies. Diagnosis, analysis and prognosis of environmental systems.
Theoretical Studies Applied to Geography and Environmental Planning
The relation between geographic Science and the technical environmental area; comprehension and discussion about the environmental state of the art in Brazil; the National Policy for Water Resources and the importance of the Water Basin Committees; the state of Mato Grosso do Sul and the PNRH (Brazilian National Plan for Water Resources); procedures applied to the process of Environmental Licensing; the National System for Units of Conservation, problems, challenges and proposals.
Elective Disciplines (Line of Research Space and Social Reproduction: practices and representations)
Social Exclusion and Geography
Reflection and debate about the concept of social exclusion and its interface in relation to Geography. Genesis and evolution of the concept of social exclusion.
Border, Interculturality and Educational Processes
Borders: territory, identity and otherness. The relations between education and culture(s). Multiculturalism, interculturality and educational processes.
The Agrarian Issue, Social Reproduction and Geography
The agrarian issue in the capitalist mode of production. The geographic approach to the agrarian issue. Recent transformations in the Brazilian rural area.
Urbanization and Production in the Urban Space
Social division of work, origins and results of the urbanization process. The construction process of the concept of production: historicity and praxis. Production and reproduction processes in the urban space: practices and representations. Territorial production and reproduction in the urban space. Territorial production and reproduction agents in the urban space: strategies, practices and actions. Production, appropriation and apprehension of the urban space.
Borders, Territories and Migrations
Borders: new and old meanings. State-nation and borders. Political, cultural and ethnical borders. Territories: materiality and immateriality. Migrations: work force mobility, social networks, subjects and paths. Identification and differentiation processes. Borders, territories and emigration/immigration between Brazil and Paraguay.
Territorial Multiplicity and Borders
Territorial multiplicity and borders in contemporary world; society and the (un)manageability of spaces of exception; borders, territories and identities in Mato Grosso do Sul.
Social Movements and Rural Conflicts
The contradictory genesis of the expansion of capitalism and rural social conflicts. Rural social movements and the agrarian issue in Brazil. Farm worker movements and the fight for land and the agrarian reform.